Part of The 100 Greatest Movies I’ve Ever Seen list.
Cries and Whispers aka Viskningar och rop
dir. Ingmar Bergman scr. Ingmar Bergman cin. Sven Nykvist with Harriet Andersson, Kari Sylwan, Ingrid Thulin, Liv Ullmann
In 100 words: No film on this list has disturbed me quite as much as this, the nastiest and most emotionally violent movie that Bergman has ever made. His characters inflict such wretched emotional torment on each other throughout the picture, as two sisters watch a third sister die. Bergman frequently flashes back to a period in the three sisters’ lives where they exhibited abhorrent behavior to hurt themselves and those around them, revealing just how broken the family is. The vivid use of reds and blacks, its frequent close-ups of faces, and silences punctuated by bells heighten the stinging experience of watching.
Other Movies for Context: Is there any movie by Bergman that reaches the heights of this one in terms of its portrayal of a family? The closest I can think of from what I’ve seen is the great Fanny and Alexander (1983), which portrays a more loving film that’s broken by experience.
Part of The 100 Greatest Movies I’ve Ever Seen list
Shame aka Skammen
dir. Ingmar Bergman scr. Ingmar Bergman cin. Sven Nykvist with Liv Ullmann, Max von Sydow, Sigge Furst, Gunnar Bjornstrand, Ulf Johansson
In 100 words: The Bergman film that feels the least gimmicky in its construct but still the most potent in its delivery. Released at the height of Vietnam War, this film affirms the savagery of war but its intrusion into a couple’s life manifests not only in the physical toll but more profoundly in their psychological well-being. Their marriage was never perfect, as the script’s incisive dialogue suggests early on, but the terror and chaos have magnified their weaknesses, and cracked open their animosity towards each other. Shot for shot, it’s Bergman’s most realistic and immediate film. Bleak, unsparing, and damn near perfect.
Other Movies for Context: Thematically, Bergman’s movie kind of reminds me of The Hurt Locker (2009), although blown up and more focused on “war as a drug” aspect. Although underneath that story, it feels like a rich examination of a couple so unsuited for each other. Otherwise, Bergman’s filmography offers a rich examination of marriage: Scenes from a Marriage (1973) being another highlight, while his script for The Best Intentions (1991) was directed by Bille August. Bergman is among my favorite directors, and he will show up two more times on this list.